Monday, 11 April 2016

The 6 Day War

This was one of my High School History Reports from 2014.

The specifics of why the 6 day war began are unclear. However, according to Israel's official  explanation, the Egyptian president Nasser felt the need to prove to the Arab world that he was still a great leader. Thus he made supposedly obvious preparations to invade Israel. Israel then responded to this to this by launching pre-emptive strikes against the hostile nations that posed to invade: Egypt, Syria and Jordan. The Israelis felt vonereble; surrounded on all sides by hostile enemies.

Historians interpretations differ as to what specifically ignited this conflict however.

June 5
In 1967, a war between Israel and its Arab neighbours Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon reshaped the modern Middle East.

Fearing attacks from it's surrounding nations, Israel decided to make the move first by annihilating Arabian Air Forces to acquire air superiority before their enemies mobilise. On the the morning of 5th of June 1967, suddenly and unexpectedly, the Egyptian airforce, the largest in the Arab world, was obliterated by Israeli air attacks. Later that day Jordanian and and Syrian air bases fell under attack by the Israeli Air Force.

In retaliation, Syrian, Jordanian and Iraqi air strikes began in Haifa; the chief port In the north western part of Israel. Jordan then launches air attacks on numerous Israeli targets including Netanya, a city in the Northern Central District of Israel. They also attempt airstrikes against Tel Aviv, the second most populous city in Israel after Jerusalem. Thus ends the first day of the Six day war.

June 6
Syrian forces fortify the border with Israel and begin artillery fire in fear of falling victim to Israeli invasion, as has been the case with Egypt, who lost Gaza, Ras el Naqeb and Jebel Libni. Israeli forces also capture Ramallah, North East Jerusalem, Ammunition Hill and Talpiot. Jordanian forces are then ordered to retreat from West Bank.

June 7
U.N. Security Council presents a cease-fire initiative. Egypt's President Gamal Abdel Nasser turns it down. Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eskol proposes to Jordan's King Hussein that a cease-fire and peace talks begin. Hussein doesn't respond.

Egypt is defeated as Bir al-Hasna and Al Qazima in Egypt are claimed by Israel.

Old City of Jerusalem, Nablus and Jericho are among those places that fall in Jordan.
Israeli troops storm into Jerusalem. Despite resistance from Jordanian snipers, Jerusalem fell in the early afternoon. Jordanian forces were ordered to retreat.

Fighting between Syria and Israel continued on the border of Golan. Whoever had control of the Golan Heights would have a clear firing rang of each others country.

June 8

On the forth day of the war, Israel captured the entire West Bank, thus defeating Jordan. Egypt had also fallen by this point, having lost 12,000 military personal in 3 days. Israel now turned it's focus on the Golan Heights; the high grounded location in Syrian territory along the Syrian/Israeli border, which the Syrians occupied and used to shell arias of Israel since the second day of this conflict. The majority of the 100,000 Syrian inhabitants fled during the conflict.

June 9

Israel launched it's attack on the Golan Heights. Whoever controlled the this high land would be able to fire artillery into their enemies Countries.

June 10

One the 10th of June, Israeli forces captured the Golan Heights. Israel And Syria accept a ceasefire. The 6 day war ends, with Israel claiming the Gaza Strip, West Bank, Golan Heights and Sinai Peninsula (A huge expansive desert) to the Suez Canal.

The Results of the War
In less then a week, Israel emerged as the dominant power in the Middle East. Egypt lost 80 percent of it's military capacity. 30,000 Arabs dead or injured after the 6 days of war.

Bibliography: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10694216

http://www.sixdaywar.org/war.asp


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