Monday, 1 August 2016

Socioeconomic Segregation (High School Essay)

Hi there, in 2013 I was transferred into another high school. One of my first internal assessments for English was an inquiry essay (I think that's what it was called). What we had to do was look at a text (books, poems, novels, short story etc) or movie, form inquiries and write an essay about about that 'text' or 'movie'. The inquiries form had to be related to a theme or message that can be linked to this society or world that we live in. The movie I choose was random (that is I just picked random). I did not know they would let me do my essay on that movie, but fortunately I was lucky. The movie was called "Boyz n the Hoods", by John Singleton. I was actually excited to write about this. I did had fear writing this first essay in that new high school that I was in, because all my internal essays in English  in my previous high school were either low grades or a fail. Fortunately for this essay it was over 9000 times better than the essays I wrote in my previous high school, which I assumed from the grade I got. (I was exaggerating about it being over 9000 lol, but it's was better than getting the lowest grade and a fail of course) It wasn't straight A+ unfortunately but better than a fail.

After getting my result for this essay I had the greatest confidence to write more essays. At that time I feel like I can right essay in ease. I know you guys are probably like STFU we don't care about this and stop making a big deal out of this, well to me personally I think it's great so you STFU lol.

For those that are wondering why my essays in my previous high school was crap, was because my grammar primarily. Well that previous school I was in wasn't that great too. Anyway here is my essay: (This is copied and pasted from my one drive)

The Effects of Socio Economic Segregation on the American Citizen. 

A text (visual/film) that interests me and persuades me to do an investigation is Boyz n the Hood directed by John Singleton. From this text I became more aware about social problems in society, because in a scene of that text it expresses socio economic segregation. When I acknowledged this social problem I started to think deeply about socio economic segregation and developed a strong opinion on it. This leads to the topic that I am going to discuss “The effects of socio economic segregation on the American citizen”. Although the text is not mainly about socio economic segregation the text did expressed that principle of that social problem in the background of the text. My key questions in this topic that I am going to cover are; what are the consequences of socio economic segregation in society? Can people succeed in life and still live healthy with the effects of socio economic segregation? And are there any solutions for the problem of socio economic segregation? I have gathered evidences for my response to the question that I have outlined, and I also drawn a conclusion based on this evidence. 

Socio economic segregation results in many consequences. A model from the argument of Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton in America Apartheid (Harvard UP, 1993), shows “how Segregation Causes Poverty” which corresponds to the effects of socio economic segregation. From this model, the segregation in general is the root of this social economic problem (or socio economic). From segregation in the model there is an arrow (the arrow represents “results in”) that points to, a number of correlations, isolation from social network and linguistic isolation/dialogue drift, these are two major consequences of segregation. Another correlation is the result of poor public services. With Isolation from social networks and linguistic isolation/dialogue drift this then results in poor job opportunities, meaning that these two phases (consequences) results in poor job opportunities. Poor public services results in low tax base/higher tax rate and/or leads to low business ownership. Another result is low school achievement which leads to poor job opportunities and then that will eventually end up at concentrated poverty. And another result is business flight, which leads to poor job opportunities and then again concentrated poverty. So basically, from segregation which is like the starting point will result in concentrated poverty. This webpage not only provides the model of “how Segregation Causes Poverty” it also provides a description of racial segregation in the US. It has discussion about the Black and Hispanic segregated neighbourhoods which are poor because of racial segregation-that causes the poverty of their inhabitants. The conclusion that I have drawn based on this webpage is that racial segregation is a major cause of socio economic segregation in the US, which is shown by the model of “How Segregation Causes Poverty”. Racial segregation was an immediate cause, because during the racial segregation  and discrimination, blacks were forced to live in poverty because they did not have the of middle class cultural attributes-thus having poor job opportunities as a result that leads to concentrated poverty.  

The book “Segregation, Poverty, and Empowerment: Health Consequences for African Americans” states “ African American have higher rates of unemployment, illiteracy, unwed and teen births, low birth weight, homicide, and infant mortality.”(Thomas A. Laveistpg 3/5, 1993) This statement tells us that racial segregation leads to socio economic segregation as when enforced racial segregation occurred (between 1877-1968 during the Black Civil Rights Movement), black people were living in the poverty. When racial segregation ended racial discrimination did not. The social economic issues were still present. Therefore racial discrimination does cause socio economic segregation. This maybe why you see a large  majority of black people are living in poverty in America thus racial discrimination is a transition phase cause of socio economic segregation. 

Can American citizens succeed in life with the effects of socio economic segregation? In the article, “Equal Opportunity, over National Myth” by Joseph E.SliglitzPresident Obama said “we are true to our creed when a little girl born into bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American; she is free, and she is equal, not just in the eyes of god but in our own” (Joseph E. Stiglitzpg ⅓, 2013) 

However, the answer is no, there is no chance, according to this article that says that child of poor or poorly educated parents are not likely to get a good education compare to the middle class child that may born by a middle class parent. This means that there is an inequality between the American citizens. Article also states “Latinos and African Americans still get paid less than whites, and women still get paid less than men even though they recently surpassed men in the number of advance degrees they obtain.” (Joseph E. Stigilizpg ⅓, 2013) 

The most concerns of socio economic segregation is the lack of equality of opportunity in education. The article also states “while racial segregation decreased, economic segregation increases” (Joseph E. Stigilizpg ⅔, 2013). This means that the poor grew poorer, the middle stagnated and the top did better and better. This related back to the consequences of racial segregation how there is a transition phase of racial segregation to socio economic segregation which then results in poor job opportunity, thus ends up at poverty. So children who comes from poor family are unlikely to succeed life, because when they go to poor schools they are not educated well due to the poor education environment. So they wouldn’t be able to go to college and get a good job, then end up in living in poverty if they can’t get a job at all. But for children that come from rich family, the children have a good education, because their family can afford for their children to go to colleges, private schools and/or well funded schools and also afford them to go to enrichment, like music lessons and summer camp. “They get better nutrition and health care which enhance their learning directly and indirectly. (Joseph E. Stigilizpg ⅔, 2013) 

My view on this is that based on the article, I concluded that children (or people in general) are unable to succeed in life with the effects of socio economic segregation. Families that want to support their children and are unable to are the families who get low income. This shows that there is an inequality of opportunities for the poor families. So socio economic segregation does provide the inequality of opportunity for the American citizen. Therefore poor people have little to no chance of success in life, unless the government supports them. Thus, the people being affected cannot live healthy with the effects of socio economic segregation, as the majority become unhealthy with the lack nutrition which is often evidential in low income environment. 

A solution for a socio economic segregation problem of low achievement in schools is 'socio economic integration' (e.g. in schools). “ In 1837, Horace Mann who famously argue that public education should be ‘the great equalizer’ wrote that in order to serve that role, public schools had to be ‘common school’ by which he meant institutions in which ‘ the children of all classes, rich and poor, should partake as equally as possible in the privileges’ of the enterprise.” (Richard D. Kahlenbergpg 2, 2013) 

This meant that children of all classes, rich and poor, should be equal, through socio economic integration. This will boost academic achievement in schools by integrating poor and rich children together. As poor children will be surrounded by high academic rich children, the poor children can become just as highly academic than the high academic rich children, through exposure to better education socializing. This source also states “low-income students perform better in middle-class schools” (Richard D. Kahlenbergpg 3, 2013) - which supports the strategy of socio economic integration. Eventually by having the integrations there will be better job opportunities which therefore will “break” the cycle poverty from socio economic segregation. 

According to the article titled “Social Mixing: the solution for social and ethnic segregation" there is discussion of social mixing as a strategy that can be used to solve social segregation(socio economic). It states “social mixing is, however, a measure to show clearly that concentrated pockets of disadvantage and poverty are unacceptable, and that different layers of government work together to prevent people and places from slipping off the map.” (EVKN, 2012) By having social mixing, it will provide more job opportunities and increase the average income, which avoids concentrated poverty.   

Socio economic segregation in America is one of the most concerning social problems. As I did some investigation on it I found that the extent of socio economic affecting the American citizen is that it leads to concentrated poverty as a consequence. Another thing I found is that with the inequality of opportunities, there is less chance of living a healthy life. Lastly, socio economic integration and social mixing strategy is a solution for the problem - socio economic segregation. By having integration in terms of economics, there will be less likely to be concentrated poverty occuring. I have expanded my understanding of “the effects of socio economic segregation on American citizens” and from this investigation I have become enlightened. In everyday life, social problems like socio economic segregation is exposed to society some people may be aware of it and others may not, which is what the text(film) “Boyz n the Hoods” was trying to express. Which is where I initially became aware of it and started to think and developed my opinions on this topic. Sympathetically, I feel that is wrong for people to be segregated based on their socio economic status, because that leads to terrible things like poverty!    

Sharing my essay was inspired by Ben H.
(PS: I wrote a BS essay. Nowadays it is common to BS writing assignments.)        

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